Sistematización de aspectos teóricos sobre las tecnologías de producción de biogás a escala industrial. Systematization of theoretical aspects on full scale anaerobic digestion technologies

Ernesto L. Barrera-Cardoso, Annerys Carabeo-Pérez, Leyanet Odales-Bernal, Luz M. Contreras-Velázquez, Lisbet López-González

Resumen


El desarrollo de la producción de biogás a escala industrial en Cuba ha estado limitado en gran medida por el desconocimiento de las alternativas tecnológicas existentes. En el presente trabajo se sistematizan aspectos teóricos de las tecnologías de producción de biogás a escala industrial, teniendo en cuenta cinco etapas básicas: el pretratamiento de los sustratos; la digestión anaerobia; el post-tratamiento de los efluentes; la purificación del biogás; y la generación de energía. A partir de las alternativas consideradas se podrían tratar residuales de altos (≥ 15 %) y bajos contenidos de sólidos (≤ 15 %) y residuales complejos (altos contenidos de lignina), al mismo tiempo que se podría generar energía como electricidad, calor o combustible motor.

Palabras clave


producción de biogás; escala industrial; aspectos tecnológicos; residuales biodegradables.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2224-6185.2018.1.%25x

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